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Dr. Krafft Ehricke was born in 1917 in Berlin, Germany. He attended the Technical University and studied aerodynamics under Hans Geiger and Werner Heisenberg. He worked at Peenemünde. Since 12 years old, he believed in space travel. In 1948, he wrote a book with von Braun, "The Mars Project" which detailed how man could travel to Mars using a ferry system. This ferry system is what we now call the "Space Shuttle." He came to the US under "Operation Paperclip" in 1947 and worked with the Von Braun Rocket Team at Huntsville, then at Bell Aircraft, and then for Convair in 1954 where he designed the D-1 Centaur, a high energy, upper-stage- booster that uses liquid hydrogen and oxygen. He devoted his life to space exploration and, together with von Braun, was the chief advisors for North American Aviation on the Space Shuttle.1
  Dr. Krafft Ehricke was one of the pioneers and principle promoters of space travel. He and von Braun were the father's of the space shuttle.
     
  The D-1 Centaur encapsulated in the Lockheed designed shroud, sits atop a Titan booster. The rocket is ready to launch the Viking spacecraft to Mars, where an Orbiter and Lander  gave the first close-up views of the Red Planet.1
     
  In 1972 George Low, then director of NASA,  told Wernher von Braun, "When you realized what a grandiose concept we had for the shuttle, you shocked and exhorted us to make it smaller and cheaper, just to keep it alive. We were not pleased with your warning, but finally accepted your advice. Let me thank you today very sincerely, in the name of all of us at NASA, for what you did! If you had not raised the red flag, I'm certain that the entire shuttle would be dead by now. Thank you Wernher!" "That," von Braun said with tears in his eyes, "was the happiest moment during my time at NASA headquarters."2
     
An article called "EXPEDITION ARES, A Saga from the Dawn of Interplanetary Travel" by Ehricke can be purchased from 21st CENTURY, Science & Technology for $5 by calling Astrid Ehricke-Fausett at 858-483-5335.
     
 
Above is the Soyuz, the Soviet launch vehicle that can trace its lineage directly to the early German rocket designs in Russia.

On the left is Dr.-Ing. Olaf Przybilski, publisher of a great newsletter on the German Rocket Scientists that went to Russia to develop the Soviet rockets. He has published an original article titled "The Germans and the Development of Rocket Engines in the USSR" which can be obtained form  http://www.raketenspezialisten.de/  Gerät - Publikationen – Aufsätze


If you wish to subscribe to his newsletter RAKETEN * POST contact him at TU Dresden, Institut fuer Luft und Raumfahrttechnik, D-01062 Dresden, Germany or at  olaf.przybilski@lft.mw.tu-dresden.de

     
References:
  1. Marsha Freeman, "HOW WE GOT TO THE MOON, The Story of the German Space Pioneers," 21st Century Science Associates. Washington, D.C. 1993.
  2. Ernst Stuhlinger and Fred Ordway III, "Wernher von Braun, Crusader for Space." Krieger Publishing Co. Malabar, FL. 1996